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Stylistics and Discourse analysis: A contribution in analysing Literature Abstract The essay aims to provide some introduction to Stylistics and Discourse analysis, their major domains and then compares both the disciplines in terms of their contribution in analysing literature.
It seems easy to claim that, stylistics and discourse analysis are different disciplines, but it is not so simple in fact, as both the disciplines have got fuzzy boundaries and it is very difficult to draw a clear line of demarcation between them.
Discourse analysis, therefore, relies Stylistic features in the road knowledge and methodologies from a wide range of fields, such as, philosophy, anthropology, sociology, social and cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence and so is the Stylistics.
The essay, in this context focuses particularly on either stylistics and discourse analysis are two different domains or former is the sub field of the later, and if this is so then how they differ from literary criticism in analysing literature. Discourse, according to Stubbs The discipline is based on the fact that language needs a context for its existence and it is impossible to understand the linguistic items, used in discourse, without a context.
Three dimensions of the social are distinguished — knowledge, social relations, and social identity — and these correspond respectively to three major functions of language … Discourse is shaped by relations of power, and invested ideologies.
Discourse analysis, in turn, is composed of a wide range of sub-disciplines, such as pragmatics, conversational analysis, speech act theory and ethnography of speaking. The discipline studies language used in the context, so its subject matter is language as a whole, either written or spoken, in terms of transcriptions, larger texts, audio or video recordings, which provides an opportunity to the analyst to work with language rather than a single sentence.
Discourse, according to Zellig Harriswho first used the term, is a sequence of the utterances. This yields a possible description of the material, since the interrelations of elements within each utterance or utterance type are worked out, and any longer discourse is describable as succession of utterances, i.
This restriction means that nothing is generally said about the interrelations among whole utterances within a sequence. He is of the view that linguistic research focuses on the elements within an utterance; discourse can be considered as a sequence of utterance.
Harris argues that the study of the interrelations between utterances within a discourse; the scope of a discourse analysis required much more information than the theoretical apparatus of that time could handle.
While this held true for s and s, roughly, but s saw an emerging body of different approaches including pragmatics, conversation analysis, textual linguistics, and relevance theory.
In its narrow sense, it refers to linguistic theory that has been directly influenced by the philosophy of language.
In this paper I am concerned with the approaches, either similar or different, used by stylistics and discourse analysis to analyse different literary genre.
Stylistic analysis in linguistics refers to the identification of patterns of usage in speech and writing. Stylistic analysis in literary studies is usually made for the purpose of commenting on quality and meaning in a text.
Stylistics, in other words, is the study of style used in literary and verbal language and the effect writer or speaker wishes to communicate to the reader or hearer.
It attempts to establish principles capable of explaining the particular choices made by individual and social groups in their use of language, such as socialization, the production or reception of meaning, literary criticism and critical discourse analysis.
A literary genre can be seen as a set of style characteristics that is commonly recognized and agreed upon. For example, prose and poetry, the latter often involve rhyme while the former does not. Other aspects include the use of dialogue, the description of scenes, the use of active passive voice and the distribution of the sentence length etc.
Stylistic analysis is a normal part of literary studies. It is practised as a part of understanding the possible meanings in a text.
It is also generally assumed that the process of analysis will reveal the good qualities of the writing. Now is the winter of our discontent v. In some forms of stylistic analysis, the numerical recurrence of certain stylistic features is used to make judgements about the nature and the quality of the writing.
For instance, even casual communication such as a manner of speaking or a personal letter might have an individual style. However, to give a detailed account of this style requires the same degree of linguistic analysis as literary texts.
Stylistics, like all other branches of applied linguistics, depends upon the tools provided by the theoretical linguistic; as the techniques of discourse analysis have become more sophisticated, so there has been a growing exploitation in Stylistics, so the techniques of stylistics can be applied to the texts other than those in the established literary cannon.
The statement is a command. It is cast in the imperative mode. The statement lacks a subject and a verb. The statement is unpunctuated. Capitals have been used for emphasis. Simple vocabulary to suit wide audience. Extreme compression for rapid comprehension. Form entirely suited to audience and function.
For a non- literary text, Stylistic analysis for instance means studying in detail the features of a passage from such genres as: · CMC (the Country Music Channel), a 24‑hour music channel dedicated to non-stop country music, can be viewed on pay TV and features once a year the Golden Guitar Awards, CMAs and CCMAs alongside international shows such as The Wilkinsons, The Road pfmlures.com Robert Frost's poem "The Road Not Taken" employs several literary devices, such as epiphany, antithesis, personification and symbolism.
These literary devices help readers to understand the different nuances of the poem. According to the website Reference, epiphany is when a character has a burst of.
· Style: Defining and Exploring an Author's Stylistic Choices. and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics). On the Road author Jack Kerouac embarked on his first cross-country road trip in pfmlures.com?id= · For Google Maps APIs Premium Plan customers, the default map style has labels turned off for map features in the pfmlures.comss category.
You can turn these labels back on by applying a custom style.
You can turn these labels back on by applying a custom pfmlures.com://pfmlures.com What are stylistic devices? In literature and writing, a figure of speech (also called stylistic device or rhetorical device) is the use of any of a variety of techniques to give an auxiliary meaning, idea, or feeling..
Sometimes a word diverges from its normal meaning, or a phrase has a specialized meaning not based on the literal meaning of the words in pfmlures.com://pfmlures.com · Cormac McCarthy’s novel The Road presents itself as a fascinating case study in aesthetic emotion.
Recent work in cognitive-oriented narrative theory helps to illuminate the formal and stylistic features through which The Road elicits a powerfully immersive, empathic experience in its pfmlures.com://pfmlures.com