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Any two educators who describe themselves as sympathetic to this tradition may well see it differently, or at least disagree about which features are the most important. Still, schools can be characterized according to how closely they reflect a commitment to values such as these: Attending to the whole child: Progressive educators are concerned with helping children become not only good learners but also good people.
Interdependence counts at least as much as independence, so it follows that practices that pit students against one another in some kind of competition, thereby undermining a feeling of community, are deliberately avoided.
Opportunities are offered not only to learn about, but also to put into action, a commitment to diversity and to improving the lives of others.
Thus, conventional practices, including homework, grades, and tests, prove difficult to justify for anyone who is serious about promoting long-term dispositions rather than just improving short-term skills.
In progressive schools, students play a vital role in helping to design the curriculum, formulate the questions, seek out and create answers, think through possibilities, and evaluate how successful they — and their teachers — have been.
Their active participation in every stage of the process is consistent with the overwhelming consensus of experts that learning is a matter of constructing ideas rather than passively absorbing information or practicing skills.
Progressive educators take their cue from the children — and are particularly attentive to differences among them. Each student is unique, so a single set of policies, expectations, or assignments would be as counterproductive as it was disrespectful. And progressive educators realize that the students must help to formulate not only the course of study but also the outcomes or standards that inform those lessons.
They will question things like honors classes and awards assemblies that clearly undermine a sense of community. Progressive schools, in short, follow their core values — bolstered by research and experience — wherever they lead.
Either it is defined too narrowly so that the significance of the change it represents is understated, or else an exaggerated, caricatured version is presented in order to justify dismissing the whole approach. Individualized attention from caring, respectful teachers is terribly important.
But it does not a progressive school make. A school that is culturally progressive is not necessarily educationally progressive.
An institution can be steeped in lefty politics and multi-grain values; it can be committed to diversity, peace, and saving the planet — but remain strikingly traditional in its pedagogy. In fact, one can imagine an old-fashioned pour-in-the-facts approach being used to teach lessons in tolerance or even radical politics.
Learning is thought to happen automatically while the teachers just stand by, observing and beaming. People really do sneer at the idea of progressive education based on an image that has little to do with progressive education. Why It Makes Sense For most people, the fundamental reason to choose, or offer, a progressive education is a function of their basic values: Fortunately, what may have begun with values for any of us as individuals, and also for education itself, historically speaking has turned out to be supported by solid data.
Across domains, the results overwhelmingly favor progressive education. Several newer studies confirm that traditional academic instruction for very young children is counterproductive. Traditional activities, such as completing worksheets and reading primarily from textbooks, seemed to have no positive effect.Standardized testing refers to a testing method whereby students are subjected to the same assessment procedures set by examiners that intend to examine and score them as part of a wider student’s body.
If progressive education doesn’t lend itself to a single fixed definition, that seems fitting in light of its reputation for resisting conformity and standardization. Any two educators who describe themselves as sympathetic to this tradition may well see it differently, or at least disagree about.
Students need to learn the rules in order to break them. Teach students about five paragraph essay structure with this bundle of lessons, ready to use before or during ANY essay assignment (or before standardized testing!). Tests are called "high-stakes" when they used to make major decisions about a student, such as high school graduation or grade promotion.
To be high stakes, a test has to be very important in the decision process or be able to override other information (for example, a student does not graduate if s/he does not pass the test regardless of how well s/he did in school). Standardized tests are a common and popular way to evaluate the academic achievements of students, teachers, and school districts.
They are used in many areas, such as in the army, civil service, medicine, and so on, but primarily standardized tests are associated with academic performance. The ACT test is a curriculum-based education and career planning tool for high school students that assesses the mastery of college readiness standards.