Conclusion A friend of mine recently told me of a conversation he had with a good friend we will call Joe.
Indeed, the edition of the Oxford English Dictionary defines world-view as a " A somewhat poetic term to indicate either an articulated system of philosophy or a more or less unconscious attitude toward life and the world Rickman writes [t]here is in mankind a persistent tendency to achieve a comprehensive interpretation, a Weltanschauung, or philosophy, in which a picture of reality is combined with a sense of its meaning and value and with principles of action Sire, in Discipleship of the Mind, defines world view as These definitions, though essentially in accord with one another and seemingly not at all inconsistent with current usage, are somewhat superficial.
Worldview in Context Figures 1 and 2 provide a basis for a deeper understanding of worldview. The sensing, thinking, knowing, acting self exists in the milieu of a world more accurately, a universe of matter, energy, information and other sensing, thinking, knowing, acting selves Figure 1.
The self and its worldview in the context of the world. To sense is to see, hear, taste, and feel stimuli from the world and from the self Figure 2.
To act is to orient sensory organs including eyes and earsto move body parts, to manipulate external objects, and to communicate by speaking, writing, and other actions.
Although we humans are not unique in our ability to sense and to act on our environment, it is in us, so far as we know, that thought as the basis for action is most highly developed. Thought is a process, a sequence of mental states or events, in which sensed stimuli and existing knowledge are transformed to new or modified knowledge, some instances of which are intents that trigger motor control signals that command our muscles to action.
While some actions are merely the result of sensorimotor reflexes, responses to emotions like fear or anger, or automatized patterns developed through habit, we at least like to believe that most of our actions are more reflective, being based on "higher" forms of thought.
For example, there is in most sensory experience an element of perception, in which sensed stimuli are first recognized and interpreted in light of existing knowledge learned patterns before they are committed to action.
And to bring thought to bear on some stimuli or knowledge rather than others requires a focusing of attention, an allocation of limited mental resources to some mental activities and away from others. But it is in our reason -- and specialized forms of reason like problem solving, judging, and deciding -- that we take the most pride.
Reasoning is focused, goal-directed thought that starts from perceptions and existing knowledge and works toward new and valued knowledge. Reasoning therefore begins with knowledge and ends with knowledge, the opinions, beliefs, and certainties that one holds.
By inductive reasoning which is idealized in empirical scienceone works from perceptions and other particular knowledge to more general knowledge. By deduction exemplified by mathematical logic further generalizations and, more practically, particular knowledge, is produced.
Over a lifetime, reason builds up not only particular opinions and beliefs, but also a body of more and more basic, general, and fundamental knowledge on which the particular beliefs, and the intents for external acts, are based.
This core of fundamental knowledge, the worldview, is not only the basis for the deductive reasoning that ultimately leads to action, but also is the foundation for all reasoning, providing the standards of value to establish the cognitive goals towards which reason works and to select the rules by which reason operates.
The worldview in the context of the self. For each worldview element I pose for you some important questions whose answers constitute your corresponding beliefs. I suggest a few possible answers you could give to these questions.
Then I present some of the implications those beliefs could have to your thought, other beliefs, and action. But first I must acknowledge some assumptions that underlie or constrain what I say. First, your worldview may not be explicit.
In fact few people take the time to thoroughly think out, much less articulate, their worldview; nevertheless your worldview is implicit in and can be at least partially inferred from your behavior.
Second, the elements of your worldview are highly interrelated; it is almost impossible to speak of one element independently of the others. Third, the questions I pose to you are not comprehensive: Fourth, the example answers I give to the questions -- that is, worldview beliefs -- are not comprehensive: But, I hope, they illustrate the points.
Fifth, my assertion that your worldview influences your action is based on the assumption that thought is the basis for action and knowledge is the basis for thought. Of course, as I wrote above, some actions are reflexive or automatic in nature: Nevertheless, even highly automatized or impulsive actions often follow patterns of behavior that originated in considered acts.
Finally, my exposition of worldview is based on my own worldview and the questions that I choose to pose to you, the possible answers that I give as examples, and even the way I present those example answers are colored by my worldview.Complete personal worldview questionnaires Before discussing the concept of worldview, invite students to respond to the statements in Personal Worldview Questionnaire found in Exploring Worldview (Support Material).
The purpose is to identify value positions or assumptions in key elements of their personal worldview. Discussion questions: Choose some major controversy/"fiasco" (real or alleged) from the last 25 years (other than one of those discussed in the book Victims of Groupthink, i.e., the Bay of Pigs, Pearl Harbor, Korea, Vietnam, and Watergate).
What's Your View of the World? What's Your Worldview? Series About: Personal Worldviews. If we camp out on this definition, we might begin to think that our personal worldviews are in one-to-one relationship with the established formal worldviews.
that such truth is defined by the Bible; and firm belief in six specific religious views. I am looking for words for the view of a person on his life or others' lives; words for the view of a person on the whole society, nation, country and/or the world; By "view", I .
Personal Worldviews If we camp out on this definition, we might begin to think that our personal worldviews are in one-to-one relationship with the established formal worldviews.
We would be wrong. Most of us go through life not recognizing that our personal worldviews have been deeply affected by the world. Through the media and other influences, the secularized American view of history, law, politics, science, God and man affects our .